The labour market is the union of supply and demand for employment in a country or region, i.e. the meeting point between available employment and job seekers; its balance determines the level of employment and unemployment in that region.
Labour force: this consists of people of working age who want to work. It, therefore, includes those who find work and those who do not.
Employed population: This is made up of those people who have a job (they want to work and are working), regardless of whether they are self-employed or work for others (employees).
Unemployed population: These are active people who are looking for work but cannot find it. This nuance is important, an unemployed person SEEKS, BUT DOES NOT FIND.
What does the law state about women and work?
The Spanish Constitution 1978:
Spaniards are equal before the law and may not in any way be discriminated against on account of birth, race, sex, religion, opinion or any other personal or social condition or circumstance.
Organic Law 3/2007, for the effective equality of women and men
The principle of equal treatment between women and men implies the absence of any direct or indirect discrimination based on sex, in particular on grounds of maternity, the assumption of family responsibilities and marital status.