In accordance with the Italian Constitution, national labour law has always favoured the workers due to the understanding that the employment relationship is per se unbalanced. Nevertheless, the latest reform, i.e. the Jobs Act, has given more power to employers due to the prolonged and difficult economic crisis the country is facing.
Concerning the content that an employment contract must have, Italian law provides that some fundamental conditions must necessarily be approved in writing.
The subordinate employment contract is the most common type of work relationship in the Italian labour market.