There exists different types of work contracts, the most common are the CDI, the CDD and contrat témporaire or d’intérim (temporary contracts).
You have the right to have your employment contract to be translated into your language, but the French version is the legally binding version in case of a dispute.
Be sure to get a written contract and ask any questions you have before signing it.
As of 01 August 2022 the minimum wage called the SMIC in France is 11,07€ per hour, corresponding to a net salary of 1329,05 € and an hourly net wage of 8,76€. The SMIC is indexed to inflation and so it is revalorized every year. It is illegal to pay an adult employee under the amount of the SMIC, except in some cases such as traineeships or apprentices.
An employment contract can be ended in different ways. In addition to redundancy or resigning, there is also the option to negotiate your departure through mutual agreement. This is called Rupture Conventionelle. If a situation is untenable, this is often a worthwhile option to look into as it allows you to benefit from unemployment benefits. Note that an employer cannot impose a Rupture Conventionelle on you to avoid having to make you redundant.
Regardless of the type of job contract, the employer must give the following documents to the employee at the end of the contract:
To benefit from the unemployment benefits called the ARE (Allocation d’aide au Retour à l’Emploi), a person must register at the local Pôle Emploi office within 12 months of the end of an employment contract.
Also, you must have worked at least 130 days or 910 hours (which corresponds approximately to 6 months).
These days worked are searched for in the last 24 months (2 years) if you are under 53 years old or in the past 36 months (3 years) if you are 53 or older. The duration of the benefits will vary depending on how long a person has worked during the reference period of 24 or 36 months but cannot exceed 2 years for a person under 53 years old.
Standard working hours in France are set to 35 hours per week or 1,607 hours per year. Any extra hours completed outside this would be deemed as overtime.
Unless agreed between the employer and the employee, there are set hourly rates for overtime:
Employees in France receive 2.5 days of paid holiday for every month they work which corresponds to 5 full weeks of holiday allowance a year. There are some limitations to when employees can take their holiday: