Topic 1 Introduction to the Italian labour market, employment contracts and rights

Italian system provides 6 different work contracts, each of them having its features that are fixed by national collective agreements (CCNL – contratti collectivi nazionali di lavoro). Concerning the form, the work contract can be oral or written.

It has no end date. The contract provides a trial period during which both two parties can dissolve the contract without having to give notice.

it can be part-time or full-time and has an end date. The duration of a fixed-term contract cannot be more than 3 years including any renewal. Moreover, societies cannot have more than 20% of the total employers on fixed-term contracts.

it involves three parties, a temporary employment agency (or interim), an employer and an employee. the total duration of the contract may not exceed 24 months

it has no age limit. The duration of this contract is between 24 and 72 months and must include at least 120 hours of training per year.

the worker has full autonomy and no managerial organization. He/she decides independently how and when and how to carry out the task assigned by the employer.

in order to facilitate professional integration, Italy offers the integration work contract. the integration contract is a professional training contract for young people aged 16 to 32. It is a fixed-term contract whose duration is between 1 and 2 years. this type of contract cannot be renewed and must include training of 20 to 140 hours.

Moreover, the employment contract can be full-time, 40 hours per week, or part-time, less than 40 hours per week.

The main objective of the labour law is to safeguard the employee, who is the weakest part of the relationship.

  1. Salary
  2. Working hours
  3. Weekly rest
  4. Vacations and holidays
  5. Marriage leave
  6. Maternity/paternity leave
  1. Right to education
  2. Occupational injuries and illnesses
  3. Workplace safety
  4.  Strike
  5. Gender equality
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