The labour market of Italy has significant differences between the regions. In fact, in the north the work activity is mostly related to industry, instead, in the south, most of the workers are employed in the agricultural sector or tourism.
Data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) claims that 23,2 million people are currently working in the Italian labour market. Moreover, in 2020, the employment rate of third country nationals working within the Italian territory was lower than that of Italian citizens (61,4% compared to 62,9%).
In the Italian labour market, migrants suffer greater disadvantages than Italian workers. First of all the language is a barrier, almost all employers required even a basic knowledge of Italian (especially for jobs that involve a close relationship with other individuals). Moreover, third country nationals usually face some social issues: discrimination and prejudices.
In the labour market, employers usually expect that migrant workers already have language skills or simply do not see this as their problem. Usually, Italian companies and employers do not actively help TCNs who work with them as employees, to fill any language gaps.
Even if migrants have basic language skills, this does not guarantee that they have the necessary knowledge to integrate into a work environment (rules, ways of relational interaction, etc.). In this case, the specific language is interconnected with the job and tasks and should be a goal shared with the employer as he/she also benefits from it (better working environment, more efficient performance, etc.).
Have you every faced (directly or indirectly) any issue or barrier in your workplace? If yes, which kind of barrier? How did you (or others) overcome the issue?